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Comparison Chart for Arthritis and Osteoporosis

This chart provides an overview of some of the similarities and differences between osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Some individuals with these conditions may have a different experience or may require a different medical approach to manage their disorder(s).
 
 
Osteoporosis
Osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid 
Arthritis
Risk Factors
 
 
 
Age-related
X
X
 
X
 
 
Family history
X
X
X
Use of certain medications, such as 
glucocorticoids and seizure medications 
X
 
 
Calcium deficiency, inadequate vitamin D
X
 
 
Inactivity
X
 
 
Overuse of joints
 
X
 
Smoking
X
 
 
Excessive alcohol
X
 
 
X
 
 
Excessive weight
 
X
 
Physical Effects
 
 
 
Affects entire skeleton
X
 
 
Affects joints
 
X
X
 
 
X
Bony spurs
 
X
X
Enlarged or deformed joints 
 
X
X
Height loss 
X
 
 
Treatment Options
 
 
 
X
 
 
X
 
 
X
 
 
X
 
 
Calcium and Vitamin D
X
 
 
Weight management
 
X
 
Glucocorticoids
 
 
X
X
X
X
 
 
X
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (hydroxychloroquine, gold salts, sulfasalazine, azathioprine, D-penicillamine)
 
 
X
Pain Management
 
 
 
Pain medication (NSAIDs, narcotics, muscle relaxants)
X
X
X
Rehabilitation 
X
X
X
Support groups
X
X
X
Exercises (postural)
X
X
X
Exercises (isometric, isotonic, isokinetic)
X
X
X
Joint splinting 
 
X
X
Physical therapy
X
X
X
Passive exercises 
 
X
X
Hip fracture surgical repair (may include hip replacement, depending on type of fracture)
X
 
 
Joint replacement surgery (usually for pain, deformity, or impaired mobility)
 
X
X
Heat and cold therapy
X
 
X
Massage therapy
X
X
X
Acupuncture
X
X
X
Psychological approaches (relaxation, visualization, biofeedback)
X
X
X
Tai chi
X
X
X
Low-stress yoga
X
X
X
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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