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Cautions Regarding Osteoporosis and Exercise

If you have health problems such as heart trouble, high blood pressure, diabetes, or obesity, or if you are over the age of 40, check with your doctor before you begin a regular exercise program.
Consult with a doctor if you already have osteoporosis; your doctor can recommend the safest exercise for you. If you have low bone density, your doctor may advise you to avoid exercises and activities that flex, bend, or twist your spine. In addition, you should avoid high-impact exercise in order to lower the risk of breaking a bone.
When using exercise specialists, make sure they have a degree in exercise physiology, physical education, physical therapy, or a similar specialty. You may want to have them teach you how to progress from one activity to the next, how to stretch and strengthen muscles safely, and how to correct poor posture habits.

Exercise as Part of a Complete Program

Remember, exercise is only one part of an osteoporosis prevention or treatment program. Like a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise helps strengthen bones at any age. But proper exercise and diet may not be enough to stop bone loss caused by medical conditions, menopause, or lifestyle choices such as tobacco abuse or excessive alcohol consumption. It is important to speak with your doctor about your bone health. Discuss when you might be a candidate for a bone mineral density test. If you are diagnosed with low bone mass, you can ask about medications that can help keep your bones strong.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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