Types of Osteoporosis
There are two types of osteoporosis: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is usually related to aging or an unknown cause. Secondary osteoporosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including alcohol abuse, smoking, certain diseases, or certain medications. Both types of osteoporosis are treatable and can occur in both men and women.
There are two main types of osteoporosis: primary and secondary.
In cases of primary osteoporosis, either the condition is caused by age-related bone loss (sometimes called senile osteoporosis), or the cause may be unknown (called idiopathic osteoporosis). The term idiopathic osteoporosis is used only for people who are under the age of 70; in older people, age-related bone loss is assumed to be the cause.
In cases of secondary osteoporosis, the loss of bone mass is caused by certain lifestyle factors, diseases, or medications. The majority of people with osteoporosis have at least one secondary cause.
The most common causes of secondary osteoporosis include:
- Exposure to glucocorticoid medications
- Hypogonadism (low levels of testosterone)
- Alcohol abuse
- Gastrointestinal disease
- Hypercalciuria (high levels of calcium in the urine)
Additional causes of secondary osteoporosis include:
- Other immunosuppressive drugs
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma
- Cystic fibrosis
- Anticonvulsant medications
- Osteogenesis imperfecta
- Neoplastic disease
- Ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis
- Systemic mastocytosis